What Do Peanuts Need to Grow?

If you want to grow your peanuts, it is best to start early since peanut plants can take up to four months to reach maturity. Planting peanuts in the spring will give you a crop in mid-fall. You’ll know if the plant is ready for harvest when the leaves begin to yellow and the plant appears to be dying. This is because it concentrates all of its energy into growing the seeds, which will be harvested before the first frost. To harvest your peanuts, dig the plant up and let it dry until the leaves are crumbly.

Ideal Growing Conditions

The optimal growing conditions for peanuts are between 86 and 93 degrees Fahrenheit. They require 120 days without frost to mature. Although peanuts are best grown in temperate climates, they can also grow in arid regions. Peanuts can be grown on a limited number of acres. Because of their high-calorie content, peanuts are high in protein—plant peanuts closer to the ideal growing temperatures to increase your crop yield.

Nitrogen Fertilizer Not Necessary

Nutrient-free peanut production is now possible without the use of nitrogen fertilizers. Peanuts, which are legumes, get nitrogen from the air indirectly. Nodules on their roots contain bacteria that convert nitrogen to usable form. Pinching these nodules with fingernails shows the inside is pink or red. If the nodule is active, then peanuts do not need nitrogen fertilizer.

Planting In The Ground

If you’re new to gardening and want to grow your own peanuts, you’ll need to know a few things before planting your first crop. While peanuts are nitrogen-fixing plants, they also need plenty of other nutrients. Peanuts require abundant calcium, boron, zinc, and other minor nutrients to thrive. For these, you can apply compost or rotted manure. If you’d like to avoid fertilizer burn, you can add rock powder, or even lime, to your soil. In general, peanuts prefer slightly acidic soils.

Raised Beds

If you have a yard that would be able to support a peanut patch, consider raising a bed for your plants. Peanuts are relatively drought-tolerance but still require significant water to grow well. Peanuts also require a large amount of calcium, boron, zinc, and other minor nutrients. You can supply these nutrients to your peanut plants by using compost or rotted manure. If you’re worried about low soil pH, you can also add gypsum (rock powder) to your soil. Peanuts also prefer slightly acidic soil, so keep in mind that you can apply lime if needed.


Growing peanuts in containers is similar to gardening with potatoes. The roots are covered with soil and hilled as the plants grow. The container should be a good depth of at least half a meter. Peanuts can also be planted in the ground, but they are more easily transplanted into pots. The plant needs full sunlight, ideally six hours a day. The soil should be moist and loose.


During the growing season, watering peanuts is a hit or miss proposition. They require ample moisture to produce an abundant harvest of peanuts and flower. Too little water can limit the harvest’s size and jeopardize the plant’s health. It is crucial to keep the soil moist from the time of planting until the plants have begun to bloom.

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